Extended characters (ALT characters / symbols)

Friday 26 May 2017
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Introduction

Extended characters - link to table

The normal computer keyboard enables you to type in directly most of the characters you need for everyday document typing.

However, a further range of characters is often needed for diacritics, accents and other special characters etc. in advanced work, including desktop and web publishing, and input for the Score Music Engraving System.

The table (see "Table of codes" in the menu on the left) gives the keyboard shortcuts for many of these characters. (No attempt is being made at this stage to provide a comprehensive overview; characters are added as needed.)

When used with a particular typeface, they can produce interesting characters. The "superscript 1" character ¹ is used in Gill Sans to produce the pointing mark used in Music for Common Worship (RSCM, 2000 onwards) to indicate a change of note when Anglican (or other forms of) Chant is used.

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Table of codes

Alt characters Symbol Name HTML code Score PageMaker

Alt 0128

euro

€

 

 

Alt 0133

ellipsis

… or
…

!e

Alt 0133

Alt 0134

obelisk or dagger

†

!d

 

Alt 0135

double obelisk or dagger

‡ or ‡

!D

 

Alt 0136

ˆ

circumflex

ˆ

 

 

Alt 0150

en dash

– or –

!n

Alt -

Alt 0151

em dash

— or —

!m

Alt-Sh -

Alt 0153

trademark

™ or
™

?t

Alt 0153

Alt 0161

¡

inverted exclamation mark

¡

!3

 

Alt 0162

¢

cent

¢

!4

 

Alt 0163

£

pound

£

!5

Alt 0163

Alt 0164

¤

general currency sign

¤

!7

 

Alt 0165

¥

yen

¥

!y

 

Alt 0166

¦

broken vertical bar

¦

 

 

Alt 0167

§

section

§

?6

Alt 6

Alt 0168

¨

diaeresis

¨

 

 

Alt 0169

©

copyright

©

?c

Alt G

Alt 0174

®

registered

®

?r

Alt R

Alt 0176

°

degree

°

?0

Alt 0176

Alt 0177

±

plus minus

±

 

 

Alt 0178

²

superior 2

²

 

 

Alt 0179

³

superior 3

³

 

 

Alt 0180

´

acute

´

 

 

Alt 0181

µ

micron

µ

 

 

Alt 0182

pilcrow

¶

!p

Alt 7

Alt 0183

·

mid-dot

·

!0

Alt 8

Alt 0184

¸

cedilla

&cdil;

 

 

Alt 0185

¹

superscript 1

¹

 

 

Alt 0188

¼

one quarter

¼

 

 

Alt 0189

½

one half

½

 

 

Alt 0190

¾

three quarters

¾

 

 

Alt 0200

È

E grave accent

È

   

Alt 0201

É

E acute accent

É

 

 

Alt 0223

ß

Esszet

ß

?s

 

Alt 0224

à

a grave accent

à

>>a

 

Alt 0225

á

e acute accent

á

<<a

 

Alt 0226

â

a circumflex

&circ;

^^a

 

Alt 0227

ã

a tilde

&atilde;

~a

 

Alt 0228

ä

a umlaut

&auml;

%%a

 

Alt 0229

å

a ring

å

!a

 

Alt 0230

æ

a e ligature

æ

?a

 

Alt 0231

ç

c cedilla

ç

##c

 

Alt 0232

è

e grave accent

&egrave;

>>e

 

Alt 0233

é

e acute accent

&eacute;

<<e

 

Alt 0234

ê

e circumflex

ê

 

 

Alt 0235

ë

e umlaut

ë

 

 

Alt 0236

ì

i grave accent

ì

 

 

Alt 0237

í

i acute accent

í

 

 

Alt 0238

î

i circumflex

î

 

 

Alt 0239

ï

i umlaut

ï

 

 

Alt 0240

ð

eth
(Icelandic)

ð

 

 

Alt 0241

ñ

n tilde

&ntilde;

~n

 

Alt 0242

ò

o grave

&ograve;

 

 

Alt 0243

ó

o acute

&oacute;

 

 

Alt 0244

ô

o circumflex

&ocirc;

 

 

Alt 0245

õ

o tilde

&otilde;

 

 

Alt 0246

ö

o umlaut

&ouml;

%%o

 

Alt 0247

÷

divide

&divide;

 

 

Alt 0248

ø

o slash

&oslash;

 

 

Alt 0249

ù

u grave

&ugrave;

 

 

Alt 0250

ú

u acute

&uacute;

 

 

Alt 0251

û

u circumflex

&ucirc;

 

 

Alt 0252

ü

u umlaut

&uuml;

%%u

 

Alt 0253

ý

y acute

&yacute;

 

 

Alt 0254

þ

thorn

&thorn;

 

 

Alt 0255

ÿ

y umlaut

&yuml;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fi

fi ligature

 

!i

 

 

fl

fl ligature

 

!l

 

Alt characters /symbols – how to do it

Press and hold the [Alt]  or [ALT] key and type the number of the relevant code on the numeric keypad; your chosen character appears on the screen.

* It's important to use the numeric keypad on the right-hand side of most keyboards; it won't work with the numbers at the top of the main keyboard.

Make sure too that the Num Lock key has been pressed to activate the numeric key section of the keyboard (there may be a visual indicator on your keyboard to show that it's active).

Most laptops (including Dell Inspiron) have embedded numeric keypads; these can be accessed by holding down [Fn] and [Alt] and typing the numbers to be found starting near the [M] key.

HTML characters

The HTML characters are largely intuitive; you just have to remember to precede the code with & and follow it by ;

Some examples:
the copyright sign "©" is represented by ©
the n tilde "ñ" is represented by &ntilde;
the broken vertical bar "¦" by ¦

Score™

In addition to including musical symbols in a line of text, a wide variety of diacritical accents and marks can be input (or added).

In input or edit mode you can use sequential keystrokes to obtain extended characters in any font.

As Score doesn't have a screen font for every available character, some characters appear on screen only as an "X"; of course, they print correctly.

Other characers may be obtained by using special typefaces (e.g. Symbol and Zapf Dingbats).

InDesign™

This now industry-standard DTP programme allows you either to use Alt-num codes or the special keyboard shortuts.

 
 
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