About this website
Friday 3 April 2020
About this website
November 2018: new website under development
watch this space
This version 3.9.97 of The Art of Music website was built some 10 years ago, mostly hand-coded – in XHTML* using Dreamweaver (MX, later 8, now CS6), preprocessed by PHP and connected to a MySQL database.
* mostly now in HTML5 and incorporating some CSS3 styling.
Information provided on this website is copyright © 1992-2020 The Art of Music. However, in most cases (but see below) you are allowed to make non-commercial use of the material, providing due credit – together with a link to this site – is given.
If you do not give due credit, then please do not use any materials from this website.
Publications copyright policy
Our publications may not be copied except under licence from us in writing. (Naturally, the provision described above does not apply to our publications since we're running a business!)
Many of our publications are available as digital downloads.
Dictionary of internet terminology
Cascading Style Sheets: a way of styling a whole website with minimal markup (see HTML). Style sheets can define the look of anything on a web page, from heading and paragraph styles to tables. By including references to images, style sheets can make a simple text-based web page into one in which every element is positioned and graphics and images applied that don't exist in the HTML.
See csszengarden.com for a fascinating demonstration of what can be accomplished visually through CSS-based design. Designers use pre-existing HTML coding and create their design simply through the use of style sheets. By studying the CSS, other designers can understand better how to separate design from content.
Strictly speaking this is the address of any computer on the internet. More often, though, it refers to the hostname, providing a memorable name than a numeric IP address. The domain name example.com, for example, consists of a top-level domain "com", preceded by a dot ("period" in American English), preceded by the label "example".
A hostname consists of a series of DNS labels separated by dots.
Contact us if you would like us to design a website and obtain a suitable domain name for you.
e-mail address encryption
Spammers use computers to harvest e-mail addresses from websites in order to send them unwanted e-mails for undesired products, or to "phish" for your banking details.
All the email addresses on this website have been encrypted (for example, spamblocktest(at)theartofmusic.co.uk). Naturally, in order to product our clients we also encrypt e-mail addresses placed on websites that we build.
For solar-powered web hosting you could try Ecological Hosting by Athenaeum.
View BBC website "Click" programme for an overview of how you can get free software for your computer – and legally.
HyperText Mark-up Language: the language of the web. Ordinary text is used, but it is "marked up" to enable the web browser to perform a specific function.
Surrounding a piece of text with the <em> tag will usually make it appear in italics (for example, "<em>this is italic text</em>" shows up in your browser as "this is italic text").
Surrounding a piece of text with the <title> tag in the <head> section of the page will show up on the top left of the browser as the title of the page (for example, the title of this page appears in the underlying HTML as "<title>About this website</title>" Right-click on the page to "View (Page) Source" and then look near the top of the code for "<title>" to see it in context.
See CSS for more information about how the use of style sheets both makes text mark-up easier to control from the point of view of both the user and the programmer.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) provides definitions for this mark-up code, together with validation tools for both HTML and CSS in order to help web developers write valid code that will work as consistently as possible in all browsers (although there are notably a number of problems with one proprietary browser in particular).
Internet Protocol Address: Every computer connected to the internet needs a unique address known as an IP address, as this provides a unique identification for a computer and the network to which it belongs.
The IP address is a numeric address written as a set of four numbers separated by dots (for example 184.108.40.206) and can be static or dynamic. A static IP address would always be the same every time you make a connection; a dynamic IP address changes every time you connect.
Your IP address is: 220.127.116.11
There is a fast-growing user base for this open-source operating system.
Ubuntu is especially recommended for ease of use.
One of the Structured Query Language database constructs. This one is open-source, and is an ideal partner for PHP.
Although the most used OS is Microsoft Windows (in many variants), there are others!
The Mac OS is also widely used, as is the open-source Linux.
Mobile technology has added newer OS still, including Android and iOS.
A useful, well-written book for learning about PHP and MySQL is Foundation PHP for Dreamweaver 8 by David Powers - available now from Amazon - which takes you through the stages necessary to convert a static site to a dynamic one, and in gentle, easy stages.
This is the last DNS label in a hostname, following the final dot. There are three types: country code, generic and infrastructure.
Examples of country code TLDs include AU (Australia) CA (Canada, DE (Germany), FR (France), NZ (New Zealand), UK (United Kingdom), US (United States), ZA (South Africa). The country code SC is assigned to the Seychelles, so the proposed TLD for Scotland is SCOT; that for Wales is CYM.
Examples of generic (gTLDs) include AC (academic), ASIA (Asia), CO (company), COM (commercial), COOP (co-operatives), ME (personal sites), NAME (personal sites), NET (internet businesses), ORG (non-commercial organisations).
There is only one official infrastructure TLD: ARP (used exclusively for Internet-infrastructure purposes). ROOT has been seen but is not recognised.
You are using the following User Agent:
Data for each website have to be hosted on a special kind of computer called a server (in fact any computer is capable of being a server).
eXtensible HyperText Mark-up Language: a more developed version of HTML with stricter protocols.
A brief history of this website
Version 1 (pre-history)
- technology: made using Adobe Page Mill with tables to organise content (code = "tag soup" - yuk!)
- design: atrocious
- technology: made using Adobe Page Mill - still with tables
- design features: graphics rollover buttons used to give a slightly better look.
- complete redesign with separation of content from style using valid (X)HTML and CSS
- mainly hand-coded in Dreamweaver MX
- PHP preprocessing to enable future dynamic potential
- design features still relatively basic
- considerable increase in content
Version 3.1 – 3.8
- PayPal solutions employed to enable online purchases
(pro-tem solution before implementation of fuller e-commerce solution in v4)
- new logo
- small adaptations
- more use made of footer to separate content from main body
- improved navigation from all pages
- front page updated to include links for buying music
- lightshow added to AM5104 (others to follow)
- feedback widget added to all pages
- bookmark/share widget added to all pages
- email newsletter sign-up
- SSL certificate incorporated
(all web pages now begin https://)
This shows that there is a secure connnection between your web browser and the website
with no opportunity for criminals to eavesdrop.
Please note that although the site is secure, some of the pages serve up resources (e.g. images) that are not yet relinked to fully secure sites. None of these resources are essential, and they will be "fixed" shortly.
- general tinkering in preparation for site redesign
- Cookie Control added, but temporarily removed, as inside pages for some reason are not being treated as part of the www subdomain
- Much tidier front page, which will do pro tem, until the new site is ready to launch
- Some of the new colours may be reflected in the new site…
Version 4: plans
- complete redesign
- responsive design, so suitable for mobile devicees
- fuller e-commerce solution
- free downloads
- enhanced content to include solutions to FAQs
Our website is solar-powered
Along with other sites designed by The Typehouse, this site is powered by energy from renewable sources.
- We are proud to be the first large web host who relies solely on renewable energy. 1&1 now utilise wind, water and solar power in accordance with the Renewable Energy Certification System (RECS).
- In our European data centres, we currently run some 40,000 servers which consume between 50 and 60 GWh per year. Hence, by switching to environmentally friendly energy we can significantly contribute to environmental protection.
- In addition to 1&1’s data centres, two large office buildings (in Karlsruhe, Germany) with 1,300 employees are supplied with renewable energy.
- Within 1&1’s data centres in Germany, 1&1 hosts data from customers in the UK, Germany, France and Spain as well as from the email providers GMX and WEB.DE, whose customers will now use ‘Green mailboxes’.
We use energy efficiently:
- “We not only desire clean energy, but we also want to use as little energy as possible,” says Henning Kettler of 1&1.
- “Thus, for example, for many years we have been using highly efficient power supplies with less than 20 per cent heat loss and omit any unnecessary components within our servers. As soon as the outside temperature falls below 10 degrees, we cool our data centre using open-air coolers and that works without energy-eating compressors”.
- Software too, can help save electrical power - Based on a Linux platform, 1&1 has developed its own operating system that enables the data of up to 10,000 customers fit on one server and thus saves valuable resources.
- In 2009, 1&1 also plans to switch its US-based data centres to renewable energy.
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This website is hosted by www.1and1.co.uk. Check for your own domain name here:
Page updated: 3 November 2016